Overview of Adjectives
What is an Adjective?
Adjective is a word used to qualify nouns and pronouns, i.e. it adds something to their meaning.
E.g. He is a brave boy. (boy – noun; brave - adjective)
It may describe or point out a noun, or tell the number or quantity.
Aanya is a beautiful girl. (beautiful – describes the noun ‘girl’)
You need to submit your form at that counter. (that – points out the noun ‘counter’)
He gave me three medals. (three – tells the number of nouns, i.e. ‘medals’)
We got little time to prepare ourselves. (little – tells about the amount of noun, i.e. ‘time’)
Adjective can qualify a pronoun too.
He is intelligent. (Who is intelligent? - he)
She is brave. (Who is brave? - she)
How to identify an adjective?
We can identify an adjective using various methods:
Adjective is such a qualifying word that tells the quality of a noun/pronoun.
E.g. poor boy, long thread etc.
If anyone of these suffixes is at the end of a word, then that word is most probably an adjective:
-able, -ish, -ic, - noun + ly, -ent, -al, -ful, -ous, -ive, -like/some
E.g. It is injurious to you. (injurious - adjective)
As an adjective modifies a noun/pronoun, it is generally placed:
just before that noun/pronoun.
Pattern: Adjective + Noun/Pronoun
E.g. many girls, all boys, pawn shop etc.
after a linking verb, if it is functioning as a subjective complement.
Pattern: Noun/Pronoun + linking verb + Adjective (Subjective Complement)
E.g. He is cruel. (cruel - adjective)